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Impact of Mother-Daughter Relationship on Hypertension Self-Management and Quality of Life: Testing Dyadic Dynamics Using the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model

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Abstract

Background:

Although hypertension (HTN) treatment rates are similar across age groups of women, effective control is significantly worse among older women. Only 20% of hypertensive women aged 70 to 79 years have controlled blood pressure.

Objectives:

The purpose of this longitudinal study was to test the effects of the quality of mother-daughter relationship, inner strength, and control on HTN self-management and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for both members of the dyad at 6 months. The Actor-Partner Interdependence Model was used to examine the direct (“actor”) and indirect (“partner”) effects of 46 dyads.

Results:

The mothers’ perceived relationship quality with daughters directly impacted their own self-management of HTN and HRQOL while also indirectly affecting their daughters’ self-management. Similarly, the daughters’ perceived strength of their relationship with their mothers directly influenced their self-management and HRQOL and indirectly affected their mothers’ self-management and HRQOL.

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