Advances with platelet rich plasma therapies for tendon regeneration.


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Abstract

Development of PRP treatments is challenging because a typical group of patients with tendinopathy does not exist, as it affects multiple segments of the population. Moreover, the pathophysiology and origin of pain are not elucidated yet. Although some degree of success has been achieved, PRP is not considered standard medical treatment, and it is largely not paid nor reimbursed by insurance companies. However, the arguments for using PRP in tendinopathy are increasing, and its potential to rebalance inflammation merits further research. Moreover, PRP contains tendoinductive factors that can drive the fate of stem cells. Tailoring PRPs to the specific needs of the host tendon has not been possible to date, because unanswered questions remain about the characteristics of tendinopathy within the different stages of progression.

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