The psychological results of 438 patients with persisting GERD symptoms by Symptom Checklist 90-Revised (SCL-90-R) questionnaire: Retracted

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Persisting gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms affect mental state and social activities and mental disorders likewise play a crucial role on GERD symptoms. The aim of this study was to analyze the data of Symptom Checklist by 90-Revised (SCL-90-R) questionnaire in patients with persisting GERD symptom and to explore the impact of psychological factors on them.The patients accepted SCL-90-R questionnaire survey, following endoscopy, high-resolution manometry (HRM) and ambulatory impedance-pH monitoring. Based on these results, we divided patients into different groups. The result of SCL-90-R was also compared by degree of acid reflux, symptoms, symptom duration, and gender.The data from 438 patients were analyzed. All patients were divided into reflux esophagitis (RE) (63, 14.38%); nonerosive gastroesophageal disease (NERD) (106, 24.20%); functional heartburn (FH) (123, 28.08%), and hypersensitive esophagus (HE) (67, 15.29%); depression (DES) (5, 1.14%); hypertensive (10, 3.42%); weak peristalsis (14, 3.20%); achalasia (50, 11.42%). There were significant differences between varied groups judging by DEP, anxiety (ANX), paranoia ideation (PAR), psychoticism (PSY), and global severity index (GSI) domains (all P < .05). The patients with ≥2 years symptom duration presented more scores in DEP, ANX, and PSY (all P < .05). Compared to typical symptoms (n = 185), GERD typical plus atypical symptoms (n = 253) had higher scores of somatization (SOM), ANX, PSY and GSI (all P < .05). Women were found to have significantly higher scores than men in all domains (all P < .05).Our results find significant differences between varied patients with different diagnosis in DEP, ANX, PAR, PSY domains, and GSI. Long symptom duration, typical plus atypical symptoms, and female are more risky for psychological disorders.

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