Recurrent or De Novo Allograft Steatosis and Long-term Outcomes After Liver Transplantation


    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

BackgroundHepatic steatosis is strongly associated with cardiovascular disease in the general population. Whether recurrent or de novo, it can occur in the allograft, but the impact on survival and long-term clinical outcomes remains unclear. In this study, we aim to determine both the frequency and impact of allograft steatosis on long-term posttransplant outcomes.MethodsA retrospective review of 588 adult liver transplant (LT) recipients (1999-2006) was performed. Cox regression analysis (time-dependent) was used to evaluate differences in time to steatosis post-LT, patient survival, and cardiovascular outcomes.ResultsMean age 51.9 ± 10.6 years, 64.6% males, underlying nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) (9.4%), previous tobacco (52%), pre-LT diabetes mellitus (30.3%), pre-LT hypertension (23.2%), and known cardiovascular disease (9.7%). Overall, 254 recipients developed allograft steatosis (at 10 years: 77.6% NASH recipients, 44.7% Non-NASH recipients). Risk factors for allograft steatosis were female sex (hazard ratio [HR], 1.47; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.09-2.00; P = 0.014), hepatitis C virus diagnosis (HR, 2.49; 95% CI, 1.77-3.94; P < 0.001), and time-dependent BMI (per unit: HR, 1.08; 95% CI, 1.05-1.10; P < 0.001). Allograft steatosis was not associated with post-LT survival (P = 0.25) nor cardiovascular events (HR, 1.08; 95% CI, 0.73-1.59; P = 0.70). Underlying NASH associated with cardiovascular events (HR, 2.04; 95% CI, 1.37-3.04; P < 0.001).ConclusionsAllograft steatosis is common but not associated with survival or cardiovascular events in this study. Larger prospective studies are needed to better define the natural history of allograft steatosis.

    loading  Loading Related Articles