Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Sexually Transmitted Infection Counseling and Testing Services Received by Gay and Bisexual Men Using Preexposure Prophylaxis at Their Last PrEP Care Visit


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Abstract

BackgroundPreexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) reduces risk of human immunodeficiency virus infection for many gay and bisexual men (GBM); however, bacterial sexually transmitted infections associated with decreasing condom use among users is of concern. Center for Disease Control and Prevention's guidelines for PrEP use recommend bacterial sexually transmitted infection screening every 6 months. We sought to investigate comprehensive PrEP care, defined as: (1) discussion of sexual behavior, (2) blood sample, (3) urine sample, (4) rectal sample (rectal swab), and (5) throat sample (throat swab), provided at the user's last PrEP appointment.MethodsThe PrEP-using GBM in New York City (n = 104) were asked about their last PrEP care visit. We examined associations of demographics (age, race/ethnicity, and education), recent number of condomless anal sex events, time on PrEP, and health care provider type on receiving comprehensive care at last visit using fully adjusted binary logistic regression.ResultsAt their last visit, nearly all men (94%) gave blood for testing, 88% provided a urine sample, and 77% discussed sexual behavior with their provider. However, only 51% reported having a rectal swab, and 48% an oral swab. Only 32% of men received comprehensive PrEP care at their last PrEP visit. Odds of receiving comprehensive care were significantly higher among younger men, men with a bachelor's degree or more education, and those who reported more condomless anal sex.ConclusionsLess than one third of GBM received comprehensive human immunodeficiency virus/sexually transmitted infection counseling and testing at their last visit. These findings indicate further efforts are needed to prepare health care providers for prescribing and managing patients on PrEP.

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