Revisiting Successful Aging With HIV Through a Revised Biopsychosocial Model: An Update of the Literature


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Abstract

The concept of successful aging was recognized only recently by HIV researchers because people living with HIV (PLWH) in the early epidemic were not expected to survive. With the introduction of antiretrovirals that block viral replication, PLWH are now aging with HIV. Given the complex nature of HIV within the social, economic, and political climates in which it occurs, a holistic model of successful aging is needed to guide researchers and clinicians. Several overarching models exist, but must be updated for rapidly advancing HIV and aging research agendas. We provide an updated, adapted, and integrated biopsychosocial model of successful aging with HIV based on the principles of Baltes and Baltes (1998) on 8 essential components of successful aging: (a) length of life, (b) biological health, (c) mental health, (d) cognitive efficiency, (e) social competence, (f) productivity, (g) personal control, and (h) life satisfaction. Clinical practice and research implications are highlighted.

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