Update in pediatric sleep medicine


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Abstract

Purpose of reviewTo summarize the most important recent scientific developments in the field of clinical pediatric sleep medicine, specifically as relates to sleep disorders and sleep in special pediatric populations.Recent findingsThe major themes covered in this review include sleep-disordered breathing; narcolepsy; restless legs syndrome/periodic limb movement disorder; insomnia; sleep in children with medical conditions; and sleep in children with neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders.SummaryAn expanded understanding of the pathophysiology, epidemiology, clinical evaluation methods, sequelae, and empirically supported treatment options of common pediatric sleep disorders, especially in high-risk populations, is key to a rational approach to diagnosis and management of these children in clinical settings.

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