Implementing Lean in Academic Primary Care

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Background:Lean is emerging as a quality improvement (QI) strategy in health care, but there has been minimal adoption in primary care teaching practices. This study describes a strategy for implementing Lean in an academic family medicine center and provides a formative assessment of this approach.Methods:A case study of the University of North Carolina Family Medicine Center that used the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research to guide a formative evaluation. The implementation strategy included partnering with Lean content experts and creating a leadership team; planning and completing QI events and Lean training modules; and evaluating and reporting activities related to QI and training.Results:During the initial period of Lean implementation, there was (1) minimal to no change in the quality of care as determined by the Preventive Care Index (46-48); (2) a decrease patient appointment cycle time from 89 minutes to 65 minutes; (3) an increase in overall practice productivity from $8144 to $9160; (4) a decrease in patient satisfaction from 94% to 91%; and (5) an increase in monthly visit volume from 4112 to 5076.Conclusion:Lean had an uneven effect on QI in an academic primary care practice during the first year of implementation.

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