The level of knowledge provided by the Tbilisi State Medical University (TSMU) standard curriculum modules in ‘Medical physics’ and ‘Radiation risk estimates’ was assessed as was the learning outcome of modern standards elective course in ‘Radiation protection’. Two groups of medical students were examined: Group 1: 5 y students, participants in elective course ‘Radiobiology and radiogenic health risk’ and Group 2: 1–2 y students, participants in winter and summer schools. Students were tested before and after training courses with the same tests questionnaire. The results of the tests showed the necessity for improvement of the educational curriculum. The changes needed are the inclusion of a basic radiobiological course in the curricula of the faculty of medicine and expansion of the medical physics course through a more detailed presentation of medical imaging methods.