CORRECTIONS ASSOCIATED WITH ON-PHANTOM CALIBRATIONS OF NEUTRON PERSONAL DOSEMETERS

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Abstract

The response of neutron personal dosemeters as a function of neutron energy and angle of incidence is typically measured by mounting the dosemeters on a slab phantom and exposing them to neutrons from an accelerator-based or radionuclide source. The phantom is placed close to the source (75 cm) so that the effect of scattered neutrons is negligible. It is usual to mount several dosemeters on the phantom together. Because the source is close, the source distance and the neutron incidence angle vary significantly over the phantom face, and each dosemeter may receive a different dose equivalent. This is particularly important when the phantom is angled away from normal incidence. With accelerator-produced neutrons, the neutron energy and fluence vary with emission angle relative to the charged particle beam that produces the neutrons, contributing further to differences in dose equivalent, particularly when the phantom is located at other than the straight-ahead position (0° to the beam). Corrections for these effects are quantified and discussed in this article.

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