PREPARATION, CHARACTERIZATION, ACTIVITY AND SELECTIVITY OF HIGHLY LOADED OXIDE PROMOTED RUTHENIUM CATALYSTS FOR SELECTIVE HYDROGENATION OF BENZENE TO CYCLOHEXENE


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Abstract

The influence of promoters and precipitants of the catalyst precursor on the activity and selectivity of the hydrogenation of benzene to cyclohexene catalyzed by highly loaded oxide-promoted Ru/ZrO2 catalysts, carried out in a tetraphase reactor (in the presence of an aqueous solution of ZnSO4), at 423 K and 5 Mpa, was studied. The effect of hydrogen diffusion on the reaction kinetics and on the selectivity has been taken into consideration, the internal pore diffusion being actually the limiting step. Hydrogen chemisorption measurements indicate that the catalyst activity is not influenced by the Ru dispersion, but rather by weakly chemisorbed species.

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