Illness and Demographic Correlates of Quality of Life Among People With Multiple Sclerosis

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ABSTRACT.Objective:To evaluate the strength of illness-related, employment-related, and familial support variables as predictors of quality of life (QOL) among people with multiple sclerosis (MS).Design/Participants:An ex post facto, multiple correlational study of 227 people with MS.Measure:A questionnaire that included (a) demographic and illness-related items with fixed and open response sets and (b) a QOL scale that asked respondents to rate on a scale of 1 (totally unsatisfying) to 7 (completely satisfying) their levels of satisfaction in major life areas.Results:A regression analysis resulted in a simplified model in which QOL was positively related to educational level and employment status and negatively related to number of symptoms.Conclusions:These findings provide support for 2 of 3 factors (illness-related, employment-related) proposed in a model of adjustment to MS. The value of employment as an intervention to enhance QOL is also supported.

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