Correlation between Participation in a Cardiac Rehabilitation Program and Quality of Life of Patients with Coronary Artery Disease

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Abstract

Purpose:

To examine the correlation between participation in a cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program and quality of life (QoL).

Design:

A prospective study of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).

Methods:

Participants completed questionnaires before and after a 3-month CR program. Patients were surveyed using a cardiac history evaluation and the MacNew Heart Disease Health-Related QoL questionnaire.

Findings:

Of those eligible, only 14% of the participants were women and 7% were of Arab ethnicity. Patients' QoL significantly improved following participation.

Findings:

Higher level of education was associated with improved QoL. Conversely, cardiac risk factor burden was associated with a decline in QoL. No association was found between cardiac risk stratification, age or religiosity and QoL.

Conclusions:

Improved QoL after CR program participation should raise awareness of the significant benefits of CR among healthcare professionals.

Clinical relevance:

CR for those patients with CAD should be implemented, with a focus on women and minorities.

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