Uptake of Dietary Sodium Restriction by Overweight and Obese Patients After Cardiac Revascularization

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Abstract

Purpose:

High sodium intake increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Cardiac patients are recommended a daily sodium restriction of ≤1,500 mg. The purpose of this article is to describe daily sodium intake and sodium restriction adherence and its correlates in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program participants following cardiac revascularizations.

Design:

This is a descriptive correlational study.

Methods:

A subanalysis was performed using the data collected from a randomized controlled trial to determine the effect of a 12-week weight management intervention.

Findings:

The average daily sodium intake was 3,020 mg ± 1,134 at baseline, 4,047 mg ±1,517 at 4 months, and 4,399 mg ± 1,722 at 6 months. The adherence rates were 4.8% at baseline and zero at 4 and 6 months. The factors influencing daily sodium intake were identified.

Conclusion:

The CR program participants failed to adhere to the sodium restriction guidelines.

Clinical relevance:

Rehabilitation nurses need to identify effective strategies to educate CR participants and their family members regarding dietary sodium adherence in CR participants.

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