Effect of Temporary Meiotic Attenuation of Oocytes with Butyrolactone I and Roscovitine in Resistance to Bovine Embryos on Vitrification


    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

ContentsThis study aimed to produce in vitro bovine embryos by the addition of two drugs, which is responsible for oocyte meiosis inhibition: roscovitine (ROS) and butyrolactone I (BL-I). Oocytes were recovered from slaughtered cows and matured in a commercial medium and maintained in a 5% CO2 atmosphere. Oocytes were maintained for 6 h in an in vitro maturation (IVM) medium containing ROS (12.5 μm), BL-I (50 μm) and association of drugs (ROS 6.25 μm and BL-I 25 μm). Oocytes were cultured for 18 h in an agent-free medium for the resumption of meiosis. After 24 h of maturation, oocytes were inseminated in the commercial in vitro fertilization (IVF) medium. Presumptive zygotes were cultured in SOFaa medium in a 5% CO2 atmosphere. On day 3, rate of cleavage was evaluated and on days 6 and 7, rate of blastocyst formation. BL-I and its association with the ROS increased the rates of cleavage and blastocyst formation (p < 0.05). The ROS alone was inefficient, impairing embryonic development, with low rates of blastocyst formation when compared to the control group and other treatments (p < 0.05). The embryos from BL-I and ROS+BL-I groups presented higher number of cells and lower rates of cellular apoptosis compared to other groups, either for the fresh or for post-thawing embryos. Embryos from ROS+BL-I group showed to be more resistant to the vitrification process, presenting a higher rate of embryonic re-expansion (p < 0.05). In conclusion, block of meiosis using BL-I or its association with ROS increased the rate of blastocyst formation, and the association of ROS+BL-I resulted in a better resistance to the embryo cryopreservation process.

    loading  Loading Related Articles