Auditory Localization Skills in Mentally Retarded Children

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Abstract

The present study measured the gross auditory and visual localization skills of 24 mentally retarded children and adolescents. Half of the participants were selected randomly from a group of mentally retarded residents who, in an earlier investigation, had demonstrated visual discrimination skills and auditory speech discrimination skills. The other 12 participants were selected randomly from a group of mentally retarded residents who demonstrated visual discrimination skills but not auditory speech discrimination skills. All subjects who previously demonstrated auditory speech discrimination skills passed the auditory localization task. All subjects who previously failed to demonstrate auditory speech discrimination skills failed the auditory localization task. The authors suggest that auditory localization skills may be used as an approximation to the development of auditory speech discrimination skills.

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