This article addresses issues of training in applied psychology, generally, and rehabilitation psychology, specifically. The long-term success and growth of rehabilitation psychology will depend, in part, on how the field answers the following questions: How do rehabilitation psychologists define their area of competence? How is this competence to be achieved? A review of recent literature suggests that rehabilitation psychology has yet to resolve fully the fundamental issues of a young subspecialty: identity, training, and long-term direction. We maintain that the scientist–practitioner model should continue to be the framework for training future rehabilitation psychologists. Furthermore, subspecialty and crossdiscipline training should be completed following core training in an appropriate specialty of psychology (i.e., counseling or clinical).