The Development and Psychometric Validation of the Disability Attitude Implicit Association Test

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Abstract

Objectives

Develop and validate the Disability Attitude Implicit Association Test (DA-IAT).

Participants

Two hundred twenty-three rehabilitation counseling students.

Outcome Measures

DA-IAT, Attitude Toward Disabled Persons Scale, Marlowe–Crowne Social Desirability Scale, Collett–Lester Fear of Death Scale, Internal and External Motivation to Respond Without Prejudice Toward People With Disabilities Scales, Contact With Disabled Persons Scale, and demographics.

Results

DA-IAT congruent associations (disability plus negative–nondisabled plus positive) occurred more frequently than incongruent associations (disability plus positive–nondisabled plus negative). DA-IAT had no relationship with the Attitude Toward Disabled Persons Scale, an explicit attitude measure. Demographics did not predict DA-IAT scores. Contact with Disabled Persons Scale was the dominant predictor for the DA-IAT.

Conclusions

The DA-IAT has the potential to become a useful measure of implicit group disability attitudes on the basis of experience versus belief.

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