Association between Polymorphisms in Bitter Taste Receptor Genes and Clinical Features in Korean Asthmatics

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Abstract

Background:

Bitter taste receptors (TAS2R) in human airway smooth muscle have recently been shown to have an important role in bronchodilation, together with β2-adrenergic receptors.

Object:

To evaluate the association between genetic variations in TAS2R and clinical features, including bronchodilator response and asthma control.

Method:

We analyzed the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of TAS2R10 and TAS2R14 and variables such as demographic data, atopy, duration of disease, and asthma control status, including variables such as asthma control test (ACT) score, percent predicted value of forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), and FEV1/FVC ratio, as well as bronchodilator response (BDR), in 721 asthma patients in Korea.

Result:

Three novel SNPs of 633G>A, 645C>A, and -79G>A in TAS2R10 and 3 known SNPs of -815T>C, -1267G>A, and -1897T>C in TAS2R14 were analyzed. Increased BDR was significantly associated with SNPs of -815T>C [OR (95% CI) = 1.88 (1.01-3.49), p = 0.04 ] [J Gen Physiol 2005;125:535-553; Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 2010;42:373-3812], -1267A>G [OR (95% CI) = 2.07 (1.03-4.15), p = 0.04] and -1897T>C [OR (95% CI) = 3.05 (1.01-9.23), p = 0.04, in a dominant model, and OR = 1.91 (1.08−3.36), p = 0.02, in a codominant model] of the TAS2R14 gene. There was a significant association between -815T>C and a low mean ACT score [OR (95% CI) = 5.84 (1.94-17.61), p = 0.001]. In haplotype analysis, TAC, CAT, and TGT, or TG and CA haplotypes on TAS2R14 were significantly associated with increased BDR; CAT and CA haplotypes were significantly associated with a low ACT score.

Conclusion:

Genetic variations in TAS2Rs may be valuable genetic markers to predict therapeutic response and outcomes in asthma. Further research in an independent cohort is needed.

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