An Open-Label Study of the Long-Term Safety of Pirfenidone in Patients with Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (RECAP)

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Abstract

Background: RECAP (NCT00662038) was an open-label extension study in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) who completed either the Assessment of Pirfenidone to Confirm Efficacy and Safety in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (ASCEND) 016 phase 3 trial or the Clinical Studies Assessing Pirfenidone in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: Research of Efficacy and Safety Outcomes (CAPACITY) 004/006 phase 3 trials. Objective: To obtain long-term safety data for pirfenidone in patients with IPF in RECAP. Methods: Of the 1,334 patients who participated in the phase 3 trials, 1,058 entered RECAP. The final analysis from enrollment (September 2008) to June 2015 is presented. Results: Mean (SD) and median (range) pirfenidone exposures in RECAP were 122 (98) weeks and 88 (>0 to 349) weeks, respectively, with a mean daily dose of 2,091.1 mg. Cumulative total exposure was 2,482 patient exposure years (PEY). The treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE) rate was 701.9 per 100 PEY. The serious TEAE rate was 53.5 per 100 PEY, with the most common serious TEAE being IPF (11.1 per 100 PEY). Of the 231 deaths (9.3 per 100 PEY), the most common cause was IPF (5.4 per 100 PEY). The treatment discontinuation rate due to a TEAE was 17.9 per 100 PEY; discontinuations were due to IPF (7.2 per 100 PEY), pneumonia, respiratory failure, acute respiratory failure, rash (0.5 per 100 PEY each), and nausea (0.4 per 100 PEY). For patients from CAPACITY 004/006 who entered RECAP, the mean change in percent predicted forced vital capacity from RECAP baseline at 180 weeks was -9.6%. Median on-treatment survival from the first pirfenidone dose in RECAP was 77.2 months. Conclusions: RECAP provides long-term follow-up and safety data for pirfenidone that were consistent with the known profile, with no new safety signals observed.

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