Diagnostic Yield of Computed Tomography-Guided Transthoracic Lung Biopsy in Diffuse Lung Diseases

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


Background: Accurate diagnosis is essential for successful management of diffuse lung disease (DLD). Histopathology may sometimes be necessary. Surgical lung biopsy, the gold standard, carries a risk of morbidity and mortality. Computed tomography (CT) guided transthoracic lung biopsy (CT-TLB) is a minimally invasive method for obtaining lung tissue. However, its diagnostic yield is unknown in DLD. Objective: To assess the diagnostic yield of CT-TLB in DLD according to the predominant high-resolution CT (HRCT) patterns. Methods: Between January 2009 and December 2016, we enrolled all consecutive adult patients with suspicion of DLD who underwent CT-guided transthoracic lung biopsy during the diagnostic work-up. All biopsies were performed by a senior interventional radiologist using CT fluoroscopy. Results: The study included 169 patients (50.3% men) with a mean (±SD) age of 58.3 ± 14 years. Consolidation was the predominant HRCT pattern. A definitive or probable diagnosis was made in 66.3%. The most frequent diagnosis was organizing pneumonia (36.2%). Diagnostic yield was higher when the predominant HRCT pattern was consolidation or nodular. The most common complication was pneumothorax (17.8%); other complications included mild hemoptysis (7.7%), hemothorax (1.2%), and death (0.59%). No acute exacerbation of the underlying condition was observed. Conclusions: CT-TLB proved to be accurate and safe for the diagnosis of DLD. The overall diagnostic yield of the procedure was 66.3%. Given its low complication rates, CT-TLB can be an option in patients whose respiratory function is seriously impaired and in those with substantial comorbidities, where more invasive procedures cannot be performed for reasons of safety.

    loading  Loading Related Articles