|| Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid
Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer death in men and women worldwide. The mechanism of cell death induced by CAY10404, a highly selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, was evaluated in three non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines (H460, H358, H1703).To measure the effects of CAY10404 on proliferation of NSCLC cells, 3 × 103 cells/well were plated in 96-well plates and allowed to adhere overnight at 37°C. After treatment with CAY10404 for 3 days, cell proliferation was measured by the 3- (4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. In the H460 NSCLC cells, evidence of apoptosis was sought using the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase deoxyuridine triphosphate (dUTP) nick end labelling (TUNEL) assay and western blot analysis.Treatment with CAY10404 in the range of 10-100 µM caused dose-dependent growth inhibition, with an average 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 60-100 µmol/L, depending on the cell line. Western blot analysis of CAY10404-treated cells showed cleavage of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) and procaspase-3, signifying caspase activity and apoptotic cell death. CAY10404 treatment inhibited the phosphorylation of Akt, glycogen synthase kinase-3β and extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 in H460 and H358 cells.These results suggest that CAY10404 is a potent inducer of apoptosis in NSCLC cells, and that it may act by suppressing multiple protein kinase B/Akt and mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways.