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The review aims to discuss current concepts in advance care planning (ACP) for patients with COPD, and to provide a narrative review of recent trends in ACP and end-of-life care for patients with COPD. ACP, which involves patient–clinician communication about end-of-life care, can improve outcomes for patients and their families, and may be especially relevant for patients with COPD. Effective patient–clinician communication is needed to inform and prepare patients about their diagnosis, treatment, prognosis and what dying might be like. It is important for clinicians to understand patients' values and preferences for life-sustaining treatments as well for their site of terminal care. Unfortunately, discussions about ACP and end-of-life care in current practice are scarce, and their quality is often poor. ACP can improve outcomes for patients and their relatives. The challenge remains in the practical implementation of ACP in the clinical setting, especially for patients with COPD. ACP should be implemented alongside curative-restorative care for patients with advanced COPD. The disease course of COPD is such that there will rarely be a clear transition point predicting the timing of the need for initiation of end-of-life care. Future studies should focus on interventions that facilitate concurrent ACP and prepare patients for making in-the-moment decisions, with the goal of improving the quality of end-of-life care.