Discriminative and predictive properties of multidimensional prognostic indices of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A validation study in Taiwanese patients

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Abstract

Background and objective

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a pulmonary disease with systemic involvement. Several multidimensional indices have been developed to predict long-term outcomes. However, these indices have not been compared and validated in Taiwanese patients with COPD.

Methods

A prospective, observational, hospital-based study was designed, and a total of 621 patients were recruited from May 2006 to December 2011. Patients followed at least 1 year were enrolled and 594 patients eligible for inclusion. Three prognostic indices—the ADO (age, dyspnoea and airflow obstruction), BODEx (body mass index, airflow obstruction, dyspnoea and exacerbations), and CPI (the COPD Prognostic Index)—were validated and the predictive power of each was analysed.

Results

The median follow-up of the 594 patients was 33 months (range 1–72 months), and the mortality rate was 19.2% (114 deaths). All indices were significantly predictive for all-cause mortality in our validation cohort. Furthermore, the C statistics of the three indices, indicating their predictive accuracy, were all >0.7 (area under the curve of the CPI 0.718, P < 0.001, ADO 0.702, P < 0.001, BODEx 0.702, P < 0.001).

Conclusions

ADO, BODEx and CPI scores are useful predictors of all-cause mortality with significantly discriminative properties in Taiwanese patients with COPD.

SUMMARY AT A GLANCE

We demonstrate that the ADO, BODEx and CPI scores could act as useful predictors of all-cause mortality with significantly discriminative properties in Taiwanese patients with COPD.

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