Nosocomial Acinetobacter pneumonia: Treatment and prognostic factors in 356 cases

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Background and objective:

Acinetobacter baumanniiandA. baumannii/calcoaceticuscomplex are commonly encountered pathogens in nosocomial infections. This study aimed to evaluate the treatment and prognostic risk factors in nosocomial pneumonia caused by these microorganisms.


The study was conducted retrospectively in Uludag University Hospital and included 356 adult non-neutropenic patients with nosocomial pneumonia.


Of the subjects, 94.9% (n= 338) had ventilator-associated pneumonia. The clinical response rate was 57.2%, the 14-day mortality 39.6% and the 30-day mortality 53.1%. The significant independent risk factors for the 30-day mortality were severe sepsis (OR, 2.60; 95% CI: 1.49–4.56;P= 0.001), septic shock (OR, 6.12; 95% CI: 2.75–13.64;P< 0.001), APACHE II score ≥ 20 (OR, 2.12; 95% CI: 1.28–3.50;P= 0.003) and empiric monotherapy (OR, 1.63; 95% CI: 1.00–2.64;P= 0.048). Multi-trauma (OR, 2.50; 95% CI: 1.11–5.68;P= 0.028) was found to be a protective factor. In patients with a clinical pulmonary infection score (CPIS) > 6 on the third day of treatment, both the 14- and 30-day mortality rates were high (P< 0.001,P< 0.001). Also, the 14- and 30-day mortality rates were significantly higher in the patients treated with empiric monotherapy compared with combination therapy (48/93 (51.6%)–46/123 (37.4%),P= 0.037 and 62/93 (66.7%)–65/123 (52.8%),P= 0.041, respectively) in pneumonia caused by imipenem-resistant strains.


Mortality rates were high in pneumonia caused by imipenem-resistantA. baumanniiorA. baumannii/calcoaceticuscomplex. In the units with a high level of carbapenem resistance, antibiotic combinations should be considered for empiric therapy.


This study aimed to retrospectively evaluate the treatment and prognostic risk factors in 356 subjects with nosocomial pneumonia caused byA. baumannii, which is the largest series reported to date.

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