LATE SPECTRAL-DOMAIN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY FINDINGS IN SUB-INTERNAL LIMITING MEMBRANE HEMORRHAGE

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Abstract

Purpose:

To report spectral-domain optical coherence tomographic (OCT) findings during the natural history of a sub-internal limiting membrane (sub-ILM) hemorrhage.

Methods:

Observational case report of a 20-year-old man with myeloid acute leukemia who presented a spontaneous resolution of a premacular hemorrhage, which was demonstrated by OCT. During the 12-month follow-up, periodic ophthalmologic and OCT examinations were performed.

Results:

A premacular hemorrhage was revealed in fundus examination, and spectral-domain OCT demonstrated a highly hyperreflective band just above the premacular hemorrhage consistent with the ILM. At 6-month follow-up, the macula was free of blood. The OCT scans after spontaneous resolution of the hemorrhage showed a thickened hyperreflective membrane (ILM) and a prominent hyporeflective premacular cavity. Six months later, this premacular cavity had resolved.

Conclusion:

These late OCT findings in sub-ILM hemorrhage have not been described in spontaneous evolution and confirm the sub-ILM location of a premacular hemorrhage.

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