PHENOTYPIC HETEROGENEITY IN A FAMILY WITH X-LINKED FAMILIAL EXUDATIVE VITREORETINOPATHY WITH PREVENTION OF VISUAL LOSS IN AN AFFECTED MALE CHILD WITH LASER TREATMENT IN INFANCY

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Abstract

Purpose:

To present the scope of prenatal diagnosis and early treatment of patients with clinically heterogeneous phenotypic retinal dysplasia associated with NDP gene variants.

Methods:

Retrospective. Review of electronic medical records.

Results:

Twenty-nine–year-old woman known to carry a NDP gene variant presented to the eye clinic for consultation and risk assessment at her second pregnancy. Her 11-year-old son had bilateral retinal detachment, despite surgical treatment. The family declined prenatal testing. The patient was born full term, was examined, and underwent genetic testing after birth. He was found to have bilateral retinal avascular periphery abnormalities and preretinal hemorrhages on the left eye. The patient received bilateral laser treatment at 2 months of age. He was found to be doing well at 16 months after treatment with adequate visual acuity and flat maculae. The asymptomatic mother and maternal grandfather of the proband were found to have retinal periphery abnormalities with unremarkable posterior pole and excellent visual acuity.

Conclusion:

NDP gene variants associated with X-linked familial exudative vitreoretinopathy phenotype benefit from early treatment. Providers who take care of these patients need to monitor closely the pregnancy and delivery of a male child born to a female carrier to offer appropriate and timely treatment.

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