To report a case of full-thickness macular hole formation and closure twice after pars plana vitrectomy for macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.Methods:
A 45-year-old woman with a macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment underwent uncomplicated pars plana vitrectomy with silicone oil tamponade, which was removed 3 months postoperatively. A full-thickness macular hole developed spontaneously 18 months after silicone oil removal, concurrently with the formation of epiretinal membrane and perifoveal cystoid changes. The hole was noted to close spontaneously within 2 months with normal foveal contour formation and improved vision, but then reopened for the second time after 10 months. A second spontaneous closure was observed within 2 months.Conclusion:
Dynamic course of macular hole formation and resolution in a previously vitrectomized eye may justify a more conservative approach with observation for some time before surgical intervention is favored.