To describe the clinical course and surgical outcome of a patient with full-thickness macular hole recurrence after aflibercept injections for wet age-related macular degeneration.Methods:
Case report with spectral domain optical coherence tomography retinal imaging.Results:
An 84-year-old patient, with a successfully closed full-thickness macular hole by vitrectomy and internal limiting membrane (ILM) peel 4 years ago in the right eye, developed neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) of the same eye. After 6 intravitreal aflibercept injections, visual acuity was 20/50, with minimal subretinal fluid (SRF). Four days after the seventh aflibercept injection, visual acuity decreased to 20/200. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography demonstrated a reopened full-thickness macular hole of diameter 430 μm, associated with a reduction in pigment epithelial detachment height, increase in SRF, and an epiretinal membrane (ERM). A 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy with indocyanine green–assisted removal of residual ILM and ERM, and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) 20% tamponade was performed. At 1 month postoperatively, the full-thickness macular hole was successfully closed and visual acuity improved to 20/80.Conclusion:
In wet AMD eyes with previously closed macular holes, hole reopening may occur as a rare complication of aflibercept therapy.