ACUTE RETINAL NECROSIS SYNDROME ASSOCIATED WITH HERPES SIMPLEX KERATITIS

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Abstract

Background:

Although acute retinal necrosis (ARN) syndrome is caused by a herpes group virus, association of herpetic keratitis with ARN syndrome is uncommon. A case of unilateral ARN syndrome with herpes simplex keratitis is discussed.

Methods:

A 40-year-old man developed unilateral keratitis, necrotic retinitis, retinal vasculitis, vitritis, and iritis consistent with ARN syndrome 1 month after treatment for ipsilateral facial nerve palsy and auricular herpetic vesicles (Tolosa-Hunt syndrome). Impression cytologic examination of the corneal epithelial ulcer that developed concurrent with the intraocular findings and of the aqueous humor (obtained by paracentesis) was performed.

Results:

Cells that reacted with anti-herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) antibody were detected on impression cytology, and DNA fragments corresponding to the HSV-1 DNA sequence were detected in the aqueous humor.

Conclusion:

This case shows that ARN syndrome may, on rare occasions, be associated with herpes keratitis secondary to HSV-1.

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