RANIBIZUMAB FOR CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULARIZATION ASSOCIATED WITH ADULT-ONSET FOVEOMACULAR VITELLIFORM DYSTROPHY: One-Year Results

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Abstract

Purpose:

To evaluate the efficacy of intravitreal injections of ranibizumab for choroidal neovascularization associated with adult-onset foveomacular vitelliform dystrophy.

Methods:

Retrospective case series of 24 eyes affected with choroidal neovascularization associated with adult-onset foveomacular vitelliform dystrophy treated by intravitreal injections of ranibizumab (0.5 mg/0.05 mL). Best-corrected visual acuity, fundus examination, spectral domain optical coherence tomography, fundus autofluorescence, and fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography were performed for the diagnosis of adult-onset foveomacular vitelliform dystrophy and choroidal neovascularization. After initial 3 monthly injections of ranibizumab, patients were followed up monthly and retreated if neovascular activity persisted. Outcome measure was the proportion of patients losing fewer than 3 lines of visual acuity from baseline to 12 months (final visit).

Results:

At final visit, the mean number of ranibizumab injections was 4.5 ± 1.29. From baseline to final visit, 21 of 24 eyes (87.5%) lost fewer than 3 lines of visual acuity. Mean best-corrected visual acuity did not change significantly from baseline to final visit (0.37 ± 0.2 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution vs. 0.30 ± 0.25 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution, respectively; P = 0.115). Mean central macular thickness significantly decreased from baseline to final visit (327 ± 83 μm vs. 260 ± 57 μm, respectively; P = 0.001).

Conclusion:

In this series, ranibizumab succeeded in stabilizing best-corrected visual acuity in patients with choroidal neovascularization associated with adult-onset foveomacular vitelliform dystrophy. Ranibizumab seems to be a reasonable therapeutic option in this condition.

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