The purpose of this study was to characterize diabetic retinal neovascularization (NV) and accompanying retinal and vitreal morphologic changes using high-resolution spectral domain optical coherence tomography.Methods:
A cross-sectional retrospective analysis was performed on 16 eyes of 14 nonconsecutive subjects with proliferative diabetic retinopathy that were seen between August 2011 and December 2011 at the New England Eye Center, Boston, MA. Patients who had NV of the disk, NV elsewhere, and intraretinal microvascular abnormalities were scanned using optical coherence tomography directly over the region of the abnormal vessels.Results:
Characteristic changes of the retinal vasculature, retina, and vitreous were seen in the 16 eyes with NV. This study describes optical coherence tomography characteristics of 1) NV of the disk, 2) NV elsewhere, 3) intraretinal microvascular abnormality, 4) NV causing traction without retinal detachment; and 5) NV causing traction with retinal detachment. The morphologic appearance of vitreous traction was found to be consistent with the previous histologic reports.Conclusion:
It is possible to image diabetic NV using spectral domain optical coherence tomography and to visualize the spectrum of retinal, retinal vascular, and vitreal changes seen through these areas of abnormal retinal vasculature.