To investigate genetic factors associated with choroidal vascular hyperpermeability (CVH) and subfoveal choroidal thickness in eyes with treatment-naive polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy.Methods:
We studied 149 consecutive patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy. The presence of CVH was evaluated using indocyanine green angiography. Subfoveal choroidal thickness and axial length were measured by spectral domain optical coherence tomography and optical biometry, respectively. Genotyping of three single nubleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), including age-related maculopathy susceptibility 2 (ARMS2) A69S (rs10490924), complement factor H (CFH) I62V (rs800292), and CFH (rs1329428), which are reportedly associated with central serous chorioretinopathy, was conducted using TaqMan technology.Results:
Thicker subfoveal choroidal thickness was associated with younger age, shorter axial length, G-allele frequency in ARMS2 A69S (rs10490924), and T-allele frequency in CFH (rs1329428) (P = 0.001, P < 0.001, P = 0.004, and P = 0.002, respectively; multiple regression analysis). Among 149 eyes with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy, 35 eyes (23.5%) exhibited CVH on indocyanine green angiography. Patients with CVH had a significantly higher frequency of the G allele of ARMS2 A69S (rs10490924) and the T allele of CFH (rs1329428), which are reported to be risk alleles for central serous chorioretinopathy (P = 0.006 and P = 0.032, respectively; multivariate regression analysis).Conclusion:
Subfoveal choroidal thickness and CVH in eyes with treatment-naive polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy were associated with ARMS2 A69S (rs10490924) and CFH (rs1329428).