HYPERREFLECTIVE INTRARETINAL SPOTS IN RADIATION MACULAR EDEMA ON SPECTRAL DOMAIN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY

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Abstract

Purpose:

To better pathophysiologically characterize macular edema secondary to eye irradiation, analyzing the presence of optical coherence tomography (OCT) hyperreflective spots.

Methods:

Twenty-five consecutive eyes affected by radiation maculopathy, secondary to irradiation for a primary uveal melanoma, without macular involvement in the irradiation field, were consecutively enrolled. All subjects underwent full ophthalmologic examination, including fluorescein angiography, color fundus photography, and spectral domain OCT, even in en face modality. Optical coherence tomography central subfield thickness was stratified into the following 3 categories: <400 μm, 400 to 600 μm, and >600 μm. Spectral domain OCT images were analyzed to measure and localize hyperreflective spots by two independent masked graders.

Results:

Hyperreflective spots were documented in all eyes (100%). Hyperreflective spots significantly increased in number according to OCT central subfield thickness (<400 μm, 400–600 μm, >600 μm, P < 0.05). The intergrader agreement was at least substantial for all measurements (intraclass correlation coefficient: 0.80).

Conclusion:

Spectral domain OCT documents discrete intraretinal reflectivity changes (hyperreflective spots) in all (studied) eyes affected by radiation maculopathy. Hyperreflective spots increase in number with increasing central subfield thickness and could be considered as a new clinical biomarker of intraretinal inflammation in patients affected by macular edema secondary to irradiation for uveal melanoma.

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