TYPE 3 NEOVASCULARIZATION IMAGED WITH CROSS-SECTIONAL AND EN FACE OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY

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Abstract

Purpose:

To study the cross-sectional and en face optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) findings in Type 3 neovascularization (NV).

Methods:

Optical coherence tomography angiography imaging of 27 eyes of 23 patients with Type 3 NV was analyzed with 9 eyes having consecutive follow-up OCTA studies.

Results:

Type 3 NV appeared as a linear high-flow structure on cross-sectional OCTA corresponding to a high-flow tuft of vessels seen on en face OCTA. Cross-sectional OCTA seemed to enable the distinction between vascular and nonvascular intraretinal hyperreflective foci. Two patterns of flow were observed; Pattern 1 (11%): a flow signal confined to the neurosensory retina and Pattern 2 (74%): a flow signal extending through the retinal pigment epithelium. No definitive retinal–choroidal anastomosis was observed; however, projection artifacts confounded the interpretation of deeper structures. An increase in the intensity of the high-flow tuft was seen during the progression or recurrence of Type 3 NV. Intravitreal anti–vascular endothelial growth factor therapy caused a reduction in the intensity of the high-flow tuft which was not sustained.

Conclusion:

Compared with conventional imaging, OCTA may improve detection and delineation of vascular changes occurring in Type 3 NV. Cross-sectional and en face OCTA may prove useful in studying the pathogenesis and guiding the management of these lesions.

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