To evaluate the analgesic effect of bromfenac, a topically administered nonsteroidal antiinflammatory agent, in patients undergoing intravitreal injections (IVIs) of anti–vascular endothelial growth factor agents.Methods:
A single center, prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross over interventional study. Patients scheduled to undergo IVI of anti–vascular endothelial growth factor were randomized to receive topical bromfenac or placebo before IVI. Pain perception was assessed using the short form of the McGill Pain Questionnaire. Pain intensity was evaluated with the visual analog scale, the main component of the short form of the McGill Pain Questionnaire, and the Present Pain Intensity scores immediately and 6 hours postinjection.Results:
Sixty-five patients (65 eyes) were enrolled in the study. Immediately after IVI, pain perception was statistically significant lower in patients treated with bromfenac compared with placebo as assessed by the visual analog scale pain score and the main component of the short form of the McGill Pain Questionnaire (P = 0.002 and 0.001, respectively). At 6 hours postIVI, pain was statistically significant lower in patients treated with bromfenac, according to the visual analog scale pain score, the main component of the short form of the McGill Pain Questionnaire, and the Present Pain Intensity score (P < 0.001, <0.001, and P = 0.001, respectively). Multivariable regression analysis revealed that pain perception, as evaluated with the visual analog scale pain score immediately after IVI, was significantly lower in patients of older age, female patients and those with higher number of previous injections. Immediately after IVI, bromfenac seemed to be more effective in younger patients and in those who had already undergone an amount of injections.Conclusion:
Topical instillation of bromfenac significantly reduced the IVI-related pain immediately after and 6 hours postinjection.