CHOROIDAL VASCULARITY INDEX: A Novel Optical Coherence Tomography Based Parameter in Patients With Exudative Age-Related Macular Degeneration

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Purpose:To evaluate choroidal structural changes in exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) using choroidal vascularity index computed from image binarization on spectral domain optical coherence tomography with enhanced depth imaging.Methods:This prospective case series included 42 consecutive patients with unilateral exudative AMD. Choroidal images were segmented into luminal area and stromal area. Choroidal vascularity index was defined as the ratio of luminal area to total choroid area. Mean choroidal vascularity index and mean choroidal thickness between study and fellow eyes of the same patient with dry AMD were compared using Student's t-test.Results:There was a significantly lower choroidal vascularity index in eyes with exudative AMD (60.14 ± 4.55 vs. 62.75 ± 4.82, P < 0.01). Luminal area (P < 0.01) was decreased in eyes with exudative AMD but there was no significant difference in total choroid area (P = 0.05) and choroidal thickness (P = 0.93) between study and fellow eyes.Conclusion:Eyes with exudative AMD demonstrated reduced choroidal vascularity index but insignificant differences in choroidal thickness compared with their fellow eyes. Choroidal vascularity index may be a potential noninvasive tool for studying structural changes in choroid and monitoring choroidal disease in exudative AMD.

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