To compare atrophy of the choroid and retina between Bietti crystalline dystrophy (BCD) patients and EYS-related retinitis pigmentosa (RP) patients with a similar degree of central visual field defects, age, and axial length (AL).Methods:
Nine eyes of nine BCD patients with CYP4V2 mutations (BCD group) were examined. Moreover, we selected 10 eyes of 10 RP patients with EYS mutations matched for age, axial length, and mean deviation (measured with the 10-2 SITA standard program; EYS-RP group), and 10 eyes of 10 normal volunteers matched for age and axial length (control group). Macular thicknesses of the choroid and retina were measured via swept-source optical coherence tomography.Results:
The macular choroid was significantly thinner in the BCD group than in the EYS-RP and control groups, although the thickness did not significantly differ between the EYS-RP and control groups. The macular retina was significantly thinner in the BCD and EYS-RP groups than in the control group, although the thickness did not significantly differ between the BCD and EYS-RP groups at most sites.Conclusion:
Bietti crystalline dystrophy patients with CYP4V2 mutations showed more severe macular choroid atrophy as compared to EYS-related RP patients. These different damage patterns suggest differences in choroidal expression between CYP4V2 and EYS.