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To determine whether improvements in microperimetry testing are associated with anatomic resolution after ocriplasmin treatment in patients with symptomatic vitreomacular adhesion (VMA)/vitreomacular traction and relatively preserved baseline best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA).Patients with vitreomacular traction received a single 125-μg intravitreal ocriplasmin injection and were followed longitudinally for 6 months with optical coherence tomography, BCVA testing, and microperimetry. Visual function changes were compared between eyes with and without VMA resolution on optical coherence tomography.Eleven of 16 eyes (68.8%) achieved VMA resolution after treatment. Mean baseline BCVA was relatively good (79 ± 3 Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study letters; 20/52); no patients had a ≥2-line improvement in BCVA over the 6-month follow-up period. In the group with VMA resolution, mean retinal sensitivity significantly increased in the central 4° (15.2 ± 1.9 dB vs. 18.9 ± 0.7 dB, P < 0.001) when comparing baseline and final follow-up microperimetry testing. No change in mean retinal sensitivity was found in the group without VMA resolution.Microperimetry demonstrates a significant gain in retinal sensitivity, particularly in the central 4° area, in eyes with anatomic resolution after treatment of vitreomacular traction with intravitreal ocriplasmin injection, even when no significant gain in BCVA is seen.