To determine the efficacy and complications of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and adjunct surgeries for aqueous misdirection refractory to medical therapy.Methods:
A retrospective review of consecutive eyes with refractory aqueous misdirection at the King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital between 2002 and 2010. Patients underwent two-port and three-port pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with adjunct procedures including pars plana lensectomy combined with posterior capsulectomy, hyaloido-zonulo-iridectomy, and synechiolysis. Main outcome measures included anatomical success, functional success, and factors associated with the outcomes.Results:
Sixty-nine eyes were evaluated over a mean follow-up period of 17.6 ± 3.8 months (3–156 months). Anatomical success was achieved in 62 eyes (90%) and functional success in 54 eyes (78%) that underwent PPV as a primary surgery. The factors associated with the altering misdirected aqueous flow and reducing intraocular pressure significantly associated with a two-line improvement of best-corrected visual acuity included surgical treatment within 4 weeks of presentation (P = 0.004) and preoperative intraocular pressure (P = 0.001). The success of two-port PPV and standard three-port PPV was similar (P = 0.7). The intraoperative and postoperative complications included retinal detachment in two eyes and endophthalmitis in one eye.Conclusion:
The PPV was effective for managing aqueous misdirection refractory to medical therapy. Two-port or three-port PPV did not change the success rate but early surgery improved both anatomical and functional outcomes.