To examine the relationship between retinal detachment and retrobulbar cysts in patients with optic nerve coloboma (ONC) and Morning Glory syndrome (MGS).Methods:
Patients diagnosed with either ONC or MGS were identified through a search of the Sick Kids database. Seventy-one patients either agreed to come in for a B-scan or had an incidental orbital B-scan or magnetic resonance imaging or both. Eyes with orbital B-scan ultrasound and/or magnetic resonance imaging images were assessed independently by two ophthalmologists and a radiologist for the presence of retrobulbar cysts. Retinal detachment was identified clinically with either indirect ophthalmoscopy or from fundus photographs.Results:
Forty-five of 71 (63%) and 26/71 (37%) patients had ONC and MGS, respectively. Retinal detachment occurred significantly more often in eyes with MGS than with ONC (9/17 [53%] vs. 5/45 [11%], P = 0.03, respectively). Retrobulbar cysts were not detected more often in MGS than in ONC (11/45 [24%] vs. 7/26 [27%]; P = 1.0). Eyes with retrobulbar cysts were significantly more likely to be associated with retinal detachment than those without (7/18 [39%] vs. 7/53 [13%]; P = 0.04).Conclusion:
Retinal detachment occurs more frequently in MGS than in ONC in a cohort of patients referred to a specialist children's retinal service. Eyes with retrobulbar cysts are more likely to be associated with retinal detachment.