To study the correlation between subretinal hyperreflective material (SHRM) seen on spectral domain optical coherence tomography at baseline and visual outcomes after intravitreal bevacizumab injection in neovascular age-related macular degeneration.Methods:
Consecutive patient charts with treatment-naive center-involved neovascular age-related macular degeneration treated with 3 monthly intravitreal bevacizumab's, continued as needed, from 2011 to 2014 were reviewed. Baseline spectral domain optical coherence tomography SHRM parameters (height, width, area, reflectivity, border definition, and homogeneity) and established optical coherence tomography biomarkers of neovascular activity (intraretinal fluid, subretinal fluid, retinal volume, central retinal thickness, and pigment epithelial detachment presence) were collected. These baseline parameters were correlated with visual acuity at baseline, 3 and 12 months.Results:
Seventy-three eyes of 73 patients, 47 (64.4%) having central SHRM at baseline, were studied. Mean age was 79.2 ± 8.9 years. Mean best-corrected visual acuity was 0.70 ± 0.57 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (20/100), 0.73 ± 0.55 (20/107), and 0.76 ± 0.63 (20/115) at baseline, 3 and 12 months, respectively. Baseline parameters with a significant predictive value of 12-month visual acuity by univariate analysis were presence of intraretinal fluid, presence of SHRM, highly reflective SHRM, well-defined SHRM borders, and thick SHRM. These parameters, with the exception of high reflectivity, were significant on multivariate regression analysis. The most predictive baseline parameter was well-defined SHRM borders.Conclusion:
This study supports the use of SHRM as a prognostic biomarker when interpreting optical coherence tomography in neovascular age-related macular degeneration. Baseline parameters predicting poorer vision 1 year after intravitreal bevacizumab treatment were as follows: presence of central SHRM, well-defined SHRM borders, intraretinal fluid, and thicker SHRM.