To determine predictors of best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) outcomes 1 year after ranibizumab or bevacizumab treatment for neovascular age-related macular degeneration, within the French Study Group Avastin versus Lucentis for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (GEFAL).Methods:
Patients aged ≥50 years presenting subfoveal neovascular age-related macular degeneration were randomized to receive ranibizumab or bevacizumab (3 monthly intravitreal injections followed by an as-needed regimen). The main outcome measures were BCVA and its change from baseline at 1 year. Variables with a P value <0.20 in the univariate model and/or which were clinically relevant were included in the multivariate analysis.Results:
The following baseline factors were associated with a lower BCVA score at 1 year and with less improvement in BCVA (multivariate analysis): intraretinal fluid, thickness of central subfield macular ≤277 μm, predominantly classic choroidal neovascularization, and total area of choroidal neovascularization (all P ≤ 0.01). Pigment epithelium detachment and high baseline BCVA were associated with less improvement in BCVA (P = 0.03, P = 0.05, respectively). Patients who met retreatment criteria but did not receive the corresponding injection had significantly poorer outcomes (only tested in the univariate analysis).Conclusion:
This study confirms the predictors of BCVA score at 1 year posttreatment; the presence of intraretinal fluid was associated with a poor prognosis.