FRACTAL DIMENSION AND OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY FEATURES OF THE CENTRAL MACULA AFTER REPAIR OF RHEGMATOGENOUS RETINAL DETACHMENTS

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Abstract

Purpose:

Patients with macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RRDs) may have suboptimal visual recovery, despite successful reattachment due to various reasons. This study was performed to evaluate the retinal microvasculature in subjects undergoing surgery for RRD using optical coherence tomography angiography.

Methods:

In this case–control study, the analysis of optical coherence tomography angiography findings of 19 eyes of 19 patients (15 men) who underwent RRD surgery at a tertiary institute were compared with 19 eyes of 19 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects with no known ocular disease. 3 × 3-mm optical coherence tomography angiography scans were obtained at 3 months postoperatively and analyzed. Optical coherence tomography angiography images of patients with RRD and control subjects were analyzed for capillary density index and fractal dimensions.

Results:

Mean age of the patients was 40.21 years, and the mean age of controls was 43.73 years. Eight eyes underwent scleral buckling alone, and 11 eyes underwent primary vitrectomy with gas tamponade (C3F8 gas) for macula-off RRD. None of the eyes had redetachment during the follow-up at 3 months. Mean capillary density index among patients was 33.28% ± 0.99% and 34.06% ± 2.22% in the superficial and deep retinal plexuses, respectively, compared with 36.11% ± 1.29% and 37.52% ± 1.24% among controls (P < 0.001). The mean fractal dimension was lower among subjects compared with controls (1.46 vs. 1.61 in the superficial plexus, P < 0.001; 1.58 vs. 1.64 in the deep plexus, P < 0.001).

Conclusion:

Optical coherence tomography angiography demonstrates significant reduction in mean capillary density index and fractal dimension in patients after surgery for RRD in our patients. Thus, reduction in vascular perfusion and branching pattern identified using novel analysis techniques on optical coherence tomography angiography images may provide an insight into the reasons for suboptimal visual gain after RRD surgery.

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