To prospectively investigate the injection frequency of aflibercept and ranibizumab in the treatment of macular edema in central retinal vein occlusion.Methods:
Patients with treatment-naive central retinal vein occlusion and macular edema were randomized to receive intravitreal injections with aflibercept (n = 22) or ranibizumab (n = 23) in a treat-and-extend regimen with a follow-up time of 18 months. After 3 loading doses, the treatment intervals were extended by 2 weeks to a maximum of 12 weeks. Intervals were shortened by 2 weeks if macular edema recurred.Results:
The number of injections was significantly lower in the aflibercept group with a mean of 10.9 injections (95% confidence interval, 9.6–12.3) compared with 14.4 in the ranibizumab group (95% confidence interval 12.7–16.1) at study completion (P = 0.0017). The mean treatment interval was significantly longer in the aflibercept group compared with the ranibizumab group 10.0 (95% confidence interval, 8.7–11.3) and 6.6 (95% confidence interval, 5.2–8.0) weeks, respectively (P < 0.001). No significant difference between the groups regarding visual acuity or central retinal thickness was observed.Conclusion:
Patients with macular edema secondary to central retinal vein occlusion required significantly fewer intravitreal injections of aflibercept compared with ranibizumab when treated with a treat-and-extend regimen. This may reduce the treatment burden and, to some extent, the need for close monitoring of patients.