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A nanophthalmic patient with hypermetropia, shortened anterior-posterior axial length, and thickened choroid presented with a choroidal detachment and nonrhegmatogenous retinal detachment (NRRD). He underwent partial thickness, 5 × 7 mm, sclerectomies and 1-2 mm central sclerostomies 9.5 mm posterior to the limbus, specifically avoiding vortex veins. Complete resolution of the retinal and choroidal detachments occurred in spite of postoperative ultrasonograms demonstrating residual choroidal-scleral thickening. The effectiveness of this technique in our patient, in light of recent studies demonstrating histochemical and microscopic abnormalities in nanophthalmic sclera, suggests impairment of trans-scleral protein transport as the primary pathophysiologic mechanism in nanophthalmic uveal effusion. RETINA 8:145-147, 1988

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