|| Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid
Bioremediation of metals and radionuclides has had many field tests, demonstrations, and full-scale implementations in recent years. Field research in this area has occurred for many different metals and radionuclides using a wide array of strategies. These strategies can be generally characterized in six major categories: biotransformation, bioaccumulation/bisorption, biodegradation of chelators, volatilization, treatment trains, and natural attenuation. For all field applications there are a number of critical biogeochemical issues that most be addressed for the successful field application. Monitoring and characterization parameters that are enabling to bioremediation of metals and radionuclides are presented here. For each of the strategies a case study is presented to demonstrate a field application that uses this strategy.