Histone Deacetylase 1 Down-Regulation on Developmental Capability and Histone Acetylation in Bovine Oocytes and Parthenogenetic Embryos

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Abstract

Contents

Histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) is one of the most conserved enzymes present in the nuclei of cells, including bovine oocytes and pre-implantation embryos. However, the biological functions of HDAC1 in supporting the growth and development of bovine oocytes and embryos are still not fully elucidates. In this study, three siRNAs (si299, si672, and si1272) targeting to HDAC1 mRNA sequence were designed. After transfection into bovine fibroblast cells, si299, the most effective one in HDAC1 knock-down, was selected. The selected siRNA was microinjected into bovine germinal vesicle (GV) stage oocytes to determine the functions of HDAC1 in the maturation of bovine oocytes. Finally, the siRNA was microinjected into mature oocytes, which were then parthenogenetically activated and cultured in vitro until the blastocyst stage. The rates of cleavage, blastocyst development and acetylation of lysine 14 of H3 (H3K14) state were checked. The results suggest that HDAC1 knock-down in oocytes did not influence the rates of maturation or cleavage of parthenogenetic embryos. However, the rates of blastocyst decreased after siRNA microinjection. Furthermore, histone H3K14 acetylation level increased after siRNA microinjection into parthenogenetic embryos.

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