Molecular Genetics of Parkinson's Disease

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The current views on the role of genetic factors in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease are considered. The review is focused on monogenic forms of the disease, for which 11 loci are mapped and seven genes whose mutations cause the disease are identified. In addition, a number of candidate genes for sporadic Parkinson's disease are described. The further development of studying genetic bases of Parkinson's disease will follow two main directions: in-depth analysis of genes related to the monogenic form of the disease and more large-scale associative investigation of candidate genes for the sporadic form of Parkinson's disease.

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