Single Nucleotide Polymorphism in the Promoter Region of the Lactoferrin Gene and its Associations with Milk Performance Traits in Polish Holstein-Friesian Cows

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Bovine lactoferrin (LTF) is a multifunctional small glycoprotein found in milk acting mainly as a defense factor in the mammary gland. Many polymorphisms have been found in the bovine LTF gene but almost none were considered as genetic markers of production traits in dairy cattle. In this study, the promoter fragment of LTF gene containing mutation (G/C) in position +32 has been amplified by PCR followed by genotyping by the SSCP and RFLP method. Three hundred fifty-eight Polish Holstein-Friesian cows were screened, giving the following frequency of genotypes: 0.628, 0.313 and 0.059 for GG, GC and CC, respectively. GLM (General Linear Model) analysis was applied to evaluate the associations of lactoferrin with milk performance traits, including SCC (somatic cell count). It was found that CC cows show significantly higher (P ≤ 0.01) protein content in milk in comparison with GG cows. The values of other milk performance traits were also higher but at nonsignificant levels. SCC in milk was the lowest in CC cows, but also at a nonsignificant level.

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